This paper examines the problem of world hunger and discusses potential solutions to it. It reflects on the debate about whether transgenic foods should be used, which is more of a social controversy than a scientific one. Sustainability is considered a key driver for innovation that can be used as a basis for assessing the problem of hunger in the world, and the question is inseparable from its ethical aspects. Given that economic growth does not directly equate to human development, this paper states that it is necessary to address the problem of poverty and hunger from the capacity development framework according to human rights.
Poverty causes disability by limiting human development; it creates the conditions for the violation of human rights; therefore, an institutional framework and social initiatives aimed at protecting the poor should be established.
Food insecurity — even marginal food security (a less severe level of hardship often not included as food insecurity) — is associated with some of the most common and costly health problems among adults and older adults, including fair or poor health status, diabetes, obesity (primarily among women), hypertension, and depression.
For children, research shows a link between food insecurity and lower health status, low birth weight, anemia, more frequent colds, and stomachaches, asthma, developmental risk, mental health problems, and poor educational performance — all of which have health and economic consequences in the short and long terms.
Because of limited financial resources, households that are food insecure also may use coping strategies to stretch budgets that are harmful to health, such as engaging in cost-related medication underuse, postponing or forgoing preventive or needed medical care, or forgoing the foods needed for special medical diets (e.g., diabetic diets). Food insecurity and coping strategies such as these can exacerbate existing disease and compromise health.
Hunger, with its adverse consequences for children, continues to be an important national problem. Previous studies that document the deleterious effects of hunger among children cannot distinguish a child from family hunger and do not take into account some critical environmental, maternal, and child variables that may influence child outcomes.
This study examines the independent contribution of child hunger on children’s physical and mental health and academic functioning when controlling for a range of environmental, maternal, and child factors that have also been associated with poor outcomes among children, which are not empty figures; these numbers illustrate people suffering and in pain.
In our world every day, people die due to lack of food while others die due to issues caused by obesity and being overweight. And from the perspective of women and children who had experienced it and to construct and evaluate indicators to measure poverty and hunger directly in similar populations.
At present, world hunger continues to be the greatest challenge faced by humanity. From the dawn of civilization, man has been concerned about ensuring survival by guaranteeing an adequate, nutritious, and safe diet. Many thousands of years later, this continues to represent an ambitious challenge. Approximately 815 million people in the world are currently suffering from hunger, meaning that 11% of the world’s population suffers from chronic hunger or is undernourished (FAO, IFAD, UNICEF, WFP & WHO, 2017).
Although in the last decades, there have indeed been very significant advances, especially in the reduction of undernourishment, however this last year, the results seem to confirm an upward trend in hunger figures.
Combating hunger is not only about ensuring the intake of a certain number of calories per day but also about these calories being nutritiously beneficial. Therefore, fighting the food insecurity that exists in many latitudes is a priority from two perspectives: quantitative and qualitative. The entire world population should have access to adequate food in adequate quantities and to sufficient nutrition to allow for the full development of capabilities.
World hunger is a growing and ever-changing grim issue. One does not need to go far to find examples. This past year, the Food and Agriculture Organization (F.A.O.) confirmed that the number of countries that need external food aid for their population to survive has increased. The prolongation of some armed conflicts, as well as adverse and aggressive weather conditions, both contribute significantly to this. The majority of these are African countries that experience low or very low-income levels linked to the food deficit and even experience famine situations in their local populations.
Too often, conflicts and wars have devastating effects that destroy small and medium-sized rural farms that were the mainstay of many communities. The shortage suffered by these populations, alongside low levels of income, hinders the production of their own food and external access to it.
Finally, Malnutrition in the first years of life is especially harmful, impacting physical growth, decreasing resistance to disease, limiting the size and functioning of children’s brain structures, and stunting intellectual capacity.
Severe hunger is associated with anxiety and depression among children. Research shows that families’ lack of all these advances and innovations should be evaluated and developed in a new, inclusive social framework, which competent authorities and international organizations should assess and implement. And we should all know that Poverty is associated with hunger in Africa.
SOLUTIONS TO THE PROBLEMS OF HUNGER AND POVERTY IN AFRICA
FOOD DONATIONS TO SOCIETY AT LARGE: Donations of food are very important aspects of solving hunger in a society. Although it may look small, it goes a long way in the heart of the people. Studies show that food insufficiency is associated with a higher prevalence of poor health conditions, including stomachaches, headaches, and colds, and that severe hunger can predict chronic illness among both preschools- and school-age children. Hunger-related toxic stress can negatively affect brain development, learning, information processing, and academic achievement in children.
GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION:This is one of the major aspects to tackle hunger in a country. Provision of social amenities like bore hole water for drinking, Security, etc and provision of libraries for studying, since the majority of them can’t afford to buy books for studying. Or donations of books by the government also through community gardens, farmers markets, and tax incentives for stores providing fresh produce, with positive preliminary results.
POULTRY AND FARMING: Research reveals that the agricultural sector has put a stop to hunger and poverty in the lives of many Africans. Involving subsistence farming in rural and urban areas in the country could help solve the problem of hunger and poverty.
EQUAL RIGHT FOR BOTH SEX: In some part of Africa today, the girl child is disallowed from doing what the male does, especially employment opportunities for them. The girl child should be allowed to work and be educated as well, for them to be outspoken. They should be given equal right so that they will feel important and relevant to the society and their families. Through this, hungry can be reduced as they will be allowed to work and support their loved ones.
FREE EDUCATION: The education system is the answer to most of the world’s problems especially in Africa. Considering this, education provides better opportunities, not just job opportunities but more access to income and food. In addition to this, some countries have food-for-education programs like in Nigeria, where students are given free lunch every day, doing this reduces food insecurity.
I believe if all these are met and put in place too, we can all have a better society for everyone. This is what the TheReformers is committed to achieving. To know more about TheReformers click here.